AA: (Author's Alterations) Changes made after composition stage where customer is responsible for additional charges.
Abrasion Resistance: The resistance to scratching of a surface of paper
Absorbency: The ability of a material to take up moisture
Accordion Fold: A type of paper folding in which each fold runs in the opposite direction to the previous fold creating a pleated or accordion affect.
Acetate: A transparent or translucent plastic sheet material of a variety of colors, used as a basis for artwork and overlays.
Achromatic: The non-colors... black, white and gray.
Acid Resist: An acid-proof protective coating applied to metal plates prior
Acrylic: A water-soluble polymer used in paints to make them dry both
Actinic Rays: Light exposure that affects chemical changes in paper.
Additive Colors: In photographic reproduction, the primary colors of red, green and blue which are mixed to form all other colors.
Aerate: This refers to a manual process whereby an air stream is blown
Agate: A type size of 5 1/2 points. Reference, agate line.
Agate Line: In newspaper classifieds, a measurement denoting 1/4 inch
Air: Large white areas in a design layout.
Airbrush: A compressed air tool that dispenses a fine mist of paint or ink; used in illustration and photo retouching.
Albion Press: A hand operated printing press made of iron.
Album Paper: A wood pulp paper with an antique finish used for pages of photo albums.
Albumen Plate: A surface plate used in the lithography process; it has a photosensitive coating.
Albumin Paper: A coated paper used in photography; the coating is made
Alignment: The condition of type and or art materials as they level up
Alkali Blue: Also called reflex blue. A pigment used in carbon black inks
Alley: A term for a random, coincidental path or a row of white space
Alphabet Length: The measured length (in points) of the lowercase
Amberlith: Red-orange acetate used for masking mechanicals when photographing for plates. The amberlith area appears black to the camera,
American Paper Institute: An organization that correlates all paper
Angle Bar: In "web-fed" printing (printing on rolls of paper as opposed to single sheets), an angle bar is a metal bar that is used to turn paper
Aniline: Oil-based solvent (quick drying) used in the preparation process of dyes and inks.
Animal Sized: A technique of paper making which hardens the surface by passing the paper through a bath of animal glue or gelatin.
Anodized Plate: In lithography, a plate manufactured with a barrier of aluminum oxide, which prevents chemical reactions that break down the
Antigua: An eleventh century Italian script typeface.
Antiquarian: A handmade paper (53 x 31 inches), largest known handmade paper.
Antique Finish: Paper with a rough, sized surface used for book and cover stock.
Antiskinning Agent: An antioxidant agent used to prevent inks from
Apron: The white area of text (or illustrations) at the margins which form a foldout.
Aqua Tint: A printing process that uses the recessed areas of the plate;
Aquarelle: The hand application of color, through stencils onto a printed picture.
Aqueous Plate: Water soluble plate coatings, which are less toxic and less polluting.
Arc Light: A light source produced by the passing of electric current
Arms: Those elements of letters that branch out from the stem of a letter, such as: "K" and "Y".
Arrowhead: A symbol shaped like an arrowhead that is used in illustration
Art Paper: A paper evenly coated with a fine clay compound, which creates
Art Work: Any materials or images that are prepared for graphic
Art-Lined Envelope: An envelope that is lined with an extra fine paper;
Artwork: All illustrated material, ornamentation, photos and charts etc.,
As To Press: In gravure printing, (recessed areas of plate hold ink), a
ASA: A number set by the American Standards Assoc., which is placed on
Ascender: Any part of a lower case letter which rises above the main
Assembled negative: Film negatives consisting of line and halftone copy which are used to make plates for printing.
Assembled view: In illustration, a term used to describe a view of a
Author's Alterations (AA's): Changes made after composition stage
Autochrome paper: Coated papers that are regarded as exceptional for multi-colored printing jobs.
Autolithography: A printing method whereby the image is hand drawn or etched directly onto lithography plates or stones.
Autopositive: Any photo materials which provide positive images without
Azure: The light blue color used in the nomenclature of "laid" and "wove" papers.